Small Dollar Lending/Lenders

Industry Groups Seek Preliminary Injunction to Enjoin CFPB’s Enforcement of the Payday Lending Rule

On September 14, 2018, the Community Financial Services Association of America, Ltd. and the Consumer Service Alliance of Texas (Industry Groups) moved for a preliminary injunction to prevent many of the provisions of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB’s) payday lending rule (12 C.F.R. Part 1041) from becoming effective on…

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California Supreme Court Rules that Loans Can be Unconscionable Due to High Interest Rates, Despite Lack of Interest Rate Cap

On August 13, 2018, the California Supreme Court answered a question certified to it by the Ninth Circuit, holding that a loan with a high interest rate can be unconscionable, even if the legislature specifically declined to impose an interest rate cap on loans of that amount.  See De La Torre…

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Changes to the CFPB’s Approach to the Payday Lending Industry

The Trump Administration-appointed Acting Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”), Mick Mulvaney, recently stated in a memo to his staff that under his leadership, the CFPB would significantly change in its approach to regulation and enforcement.  The most concrete example of this thus far is his approach to the payday lending…

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Signs of Change at the CFPB

On January 16 and 17, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) released two statements signaling that yet more change is on the horizon for the agency.  Close on the heels of similar announcements regarding potential changes to its Home Mortgage Disclosure Act and prepaid card rules, the Bureau announced…

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Payday Lenders Claim Regulators Are Choking Their Livelihoods in Motion for Preliminary Injunction

On November 23, 2016, Advance America, Inc., a payday lender, and Community Financial Services Association of America, Ltd., a trade organization which represents the interests of payday lenders (Plaintiffs), filed a Motion for Preliminary Injunction (Motion) against the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Office of Comptroller of the Currency, and the…

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Eleventh Circuit Invalidates Another Western Sky Arbitration Clause

On August 29, 2016, the Eleventh Circuit upheld a Northern District of Georgia decision invalidating an arbitration clause in Jessica Parm v. National Bank of California, N.A. (Docket No. 15-12509).  Defendant National Bank of California (National Bank) argued that plaintiff Jessica Parm’s (Parm) payday loan contract compelled her to arbitrate…

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CFPB Monthly Complaint Snapshot Brings Bank Accounts into Focus

On August 31, 2016, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) released its Monthly Complaint Report for August 2016, this month focusing on complaints concerning bank accounts and related services.  The report, which compiles data from the CFPB’s complaint database to compare consumer complaints by subject, geography, and company on a…

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CFPB Releases Report on Single-Payment Vehicle Title Loans

Earlier this month, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued a report analyzing consumer usage and default patterns for certain single-payment vehicle title loans (the “Report”).  Vehicle title loans are loans issued to borrowers by non-depository lenders in exchange for a security interest in their vehicles.  A unique aspect of vehicle…

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Treasury Department Weighs in on Online Marketplace Lending

On May 10, 2016, the U.S. Treasury Department released a white paper entitled, “Opportunities and Challenges in Online Marketplace Lending.”  The white paper is the result of a request for information that elicited more than 100 industry responses, and it reviews the benefits and risks of online marketplace lending before making…

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CFPB Claims Jurisdiction Over Foreign Payday Lender and its Subsidiaries is Appropriate

The CFPB’s assault on payday lenders is nothing new (see our coverage of the Bureau’s proposed Payday lending rules here and Enforcement Watch’s coverage of a payday-lending-based consent order here), but the Bureau has now gone international.  CFPB v. NDG Financial Capital (Case No. 15-cv-05211), currently pending in the Southern District of…

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Arbitration Clauses Cannot be Used as a Vehicle to Evade Liability Under Federal Consumer Protection Statutes

On March 1, 2016, the Fourth Circuit refused to re-hear a February 2, 2016, decision in Hayes v. Delbert Services Corporation (Docket No. 15-1170).  In that decision, the Fourth Circuit reversed an Eastern District of Virginia’s decision upholding an arbitration clause on the ground that the clause was, in actuality,…

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CFPB Receiving Plenty of Advice on Proposed Regulation of Payday Lending

State and federal regulation of payday lenders is far from a new phenomenon.  Recently, litigation against entities using the “tribal lending” model, and government attempts to suppress certain online lending programs via Operation Chokepoint have put the spotlight back on industry.  In past articles, we have noted that the Consumer Financial…

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Money Remittance Improvement Act Eases Regulatory Requirements for MSBs

On August 1, Congress passed the Money Remittances Improvement Act of 2014 (signed by President Obama on August 8, 2014), which reduces regulatory hurdles and duplication between state and federal regulation of money services businesses.  Specifically, the Act permits the Secretary of the Treasury to “rely on examinations conducted by a…

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